Introduction to Root Cause Analysis (RCA) Root Cause Analysis (RCA) is a systematic process used to identify the fundamental cause of a problem or defect. The goal of RCA is to determine what happened, why it happened, and how to prevent it from happening again. This methodology is widely used in quality management, Lean, Six

Root Cause Analysis Cheat Sheet

Introduction to Total Quality Management (TQM) Total Quality Management (TQM) is a comprehensive management approach that focuses on improving the quality of an organization’s outputs, including goods and services, through continuous improvement of internal practices. Originating in the 1950s, TQM has evolved into a holistic approach involving all employees in the organization. Key principles of

Total Quality Management (TQM) Cheat Sheet

Introduction to Lean Waste Lean management focuses on eliminating waste to improve overall customer value. The concept of waste in Lean is broadly categorized into 8 types, famously known by the acronyms “TIM WOODS” for manufacturing environments and “DOWNTIME” in a more general context. These acronyms help in remembering the types of wastes businesses should

8 Types of Wastes Cheat Sheet

Types of Data Nominal: Categorical data without an inherent order. Ordinal: Categorical data with a defined order but not evenly spaced. Interval: Numerical data with equal intervals but no true zero. Ratio: Numerical data with equal intervals and a true zero. Measures of Central Tendency Provide a central value for the data set. Mean (Average):

Descriptive Statistics Cheat Sheet

1. Scope Defines the purpose and applicability of the ISO 9001:2015 standard, ensuring organizations understand how to apply it to their context to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and regulatory requirements. 2. Normative References Lists the reference standards or documents that are indispensable for the application of ISO 9001:2015. It essentially mentions

ISO 9001:2015 Cheat Sheet

Download Six Sigma Cheat Sheet in pdf format Six Sigma Overview Six Sigma is a disciplined, data-driven approach for eliminating defects in any process, from manufacturing to transactional and from product to service. DMAIC Methodology Define: Identify problems and project objectives. Measure: Collect data and establish baselines. Analyze: Determine root causes of issues. Improve: Implement

Six Sigma Cheat Sheet