The range is the difference between the largest and smallest values in a group of observations. To calculate the range, you need to find the dataset's smallest and largest values. Then subtract the smallest value from the largest value.

In the case of the numbers 6, 9, 10, 11, 11, and 14, the range would be calculated as follows:

- The smallest value in this dataset is 6, and the largest value is 14.
- Calculate the range by subtracting the smallest value (6) from the largest value (14): 14 - 6 = 8

Therefore, the range for this group of observations is 8. This means that the difference between the largest and smallest values in the group is 8.

## Calculating Range in Excel

To find the range of a set of numbers in Excel, you can use the MAX and MIN functions together. The MAX function returns the maximum value in a set of numbers, while the MIN function returns the minimum value. To find the range, you can subtract the minimum value from the maximum value.

For example, if you have a list of numbers in cells A1 through A5, you could find the range of those numbers using the formula =MAX(A1:A5) - MIN(A1:A5). This would return the difference between the largest and smallest numbers in the list.

## Advantages and Disadvantages

The range is a measure of dispersion calculated by taking the difference between the highest and lowest values in a data set. It is a simple and easy-to-calculate measure of dispersion and has the following **advantages:**

- It is easy to understand and calculate, even for people with limited statistical knowledge.
- It is not affected by the shape of the distribution of the data.
- It helps identify extreme values or outliers in a data set.

However, the range has several **disadvantages** as a measure of dispersion:

- It is sensitive to extreme values or outliers and can be significantly affected by a small number of unusually high or low values.
- It does not take into account the values of the other data points in the data set and therefore does not provide a complete picture of the dispersion of the data.

Overall, the range is a useful measure of dispersion in some situations. Still, it should not be used as the sole measure of dispersion for a data set, as it does not provide a complete picture of the dispersion of the data. Other measures of dispersion, such as the interquartile range, variance, and standard deviation, provide a more complete picture of the dispersion of values in a data set.