Criteria to Audit Against

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ISO 9000:2015 defines the audit criteria as a "Set of policies, procedures or requirements used as a reference against which the objective evidence is compared."

In simple words, the audit criteria tell you what to expect, or it gives the requirements.

KEY Takeaways

  • An audit is a systematic evaluation of how well an organization meets its stated goals.
  • Audit criteria helps you define expectations and requirements. They tell you what to look out for, or what you should expect.
  • There are many different audit criteria out there.

Organizations are required to meet multiple audit criteria depending upon the industry they are in or the organization's goal. Here I have a small list of audit criteria organizations might be following. This is not a complete list of standards and is only presented here as an example. Please note that not all companies use all these criteria.

Industry Standards

  • IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
  • API American Petroleum Institute
  • ASME The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
  • ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
  • NFPA The National Fire Protection Association
  • ASHRAE The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers

Management System Standards

  • ISO 9001 Quality management system
  • ISO 14001 Environmental management system
  • ISO 22000 Food safety management systems
  • ISO 22301 Business continuity management systems
  • ISO 45001 Occupational health and safety management systems
  • ISO 50001 Energy management systems

Industry-specific Management Systems

  • ISO 13485 Medical devices
  • ISO 17025 Competence of testing and calibration laboratories
  • ISO 29001 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries
  • TL 9000 Telecommunications
  • AS 9100 Aerospace
  • IATF 16949 Automotive
  • ISO 21001 Educational organizations
  • ISO 22163 Railway applications
  • ISO 39001 Road traffic safety (RTS) management systems

Other Audit Criteria

  • Contract
  • Client Specification
  • Internal Quality Management System
  • Quality awards
    • Malcolm Baldridge National Quality Award
    • Deming prize
    • European Quality Award by EFQM

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