Full Form of ISO


Standardization

The history of standardization goes as far back as human history. However, a lot of developments in the field of standardization happened during wars (unfortunately). These developments came in the form of standardization of rail tracks, ammunition, rifles parts etc.

In recent human history, globalization has also played a very significant role in promoting standardization. We can also say that globalization is the outcome of standardization. In the absence of standardization, globalization of the economy would not have been possible.

Standardization Institutes (At Country Level)

1901 - Engineering Standards Committee was established in London (World's first standards body)

1918 - Engineering Standards Committee became the British Engineering Standards Association

1918 - American National Standard Institute was setup

1931 - British Engineering Standards Association adopted the name British Standards Institute

ISO

The full form of ISO is the " International Organization for Standardization."

It was founded on 23 Feb 1947 as an international organization to promote global standards.

The name "ISO " is not an acronym but was derived from the Greek word "isos" meaning "equal." (The relation to standards is that if two objects meet the same standard, they should be equal.) This name eliminates any confusion that could result from the translation of the " International Organization for Standardization" into different languages, which would lead to different acronyms.

ISO ( International Organization for Standardization) is the world's largest developer and publisher of International Standards. ISO is a national standards institute of 165 countries, one member per country, with a Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland. There are three categories of membership:

  • Full members (or member bodies)
  • Correspondence members
  • Subscriber members

Standards published by ISO:

ISO has published more than 22,000 standards and related documents. Here is a list of the most widely known ISO standards.

  • ISO 9000 FAMILY — QUALITY MANAGEMENT
    • This includes ISO 9000:2015 (Quality management systems — Fundamentals and vocabulary), ISO 9001 (Quality management systems - Requirements), ISO 9004 (Quality management — Quality of an organization — Guidance to achieve sustained success),  and ISO 19011 (Auditing Management System).
  • ISO 14000 FAMILY ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
    • This includes ISO 14001 (Environmental management systems — Requirements with guidance for use), ISO 14004:2016 (Environmental management systems — General guidelines on implementation and ISO 14005:2019 (Environmental management systems — Guidelines for a flexible approach to phased implementation)
  • ISO 13485 MEDICAL DEVICES
  • ISO/IEC 17025 TESTING AND CALIBRATION LABORATORIES
  • ISO 22000 FOOD SAFETY MANAGEMENT
  • ISO 26000 SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
  • ISO 31000 RISK MANAGEMENT
  • ISO 37001 ANTI-BRIBERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
  • ISO 45001 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
  • ISO 50001 ENERGY MANAGEMENT
  • ISO/IEC 27001 — INFORMATION SECURITY MANAGEMENT
  • ISO 6 CAMERA FILM SPEED
    • This is one of the earliest ISO standards. ISO 6 allowed photographers to select the right film for their subject, considering the target's light and speed being photographed.