4 Types of Teams
As a Six Sigma Black Belt, you will have to deal with teams. You will have a project team doing the project with you and you being the leader of that improvement project team. To perform that function of a team leader, you need to understand how teams work? What makes teams successful? How to motivate team members towards the common goal to help you in performing that role?
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Let's learn about the team in this section. Here are four common team types - which are: Functional, Cross-Functional, Virtual, and Self-directed.
The Functional team is something that is related to a function. For example, you have the design function, purchasing function, etc. People from these groups when they work together form a functional team.
On the other hand, Cross-Functional Team is a team where people from different functions work towards a common goal. The members of this team could be as subject-matter experts from different functions, say, for example, one person from maintenance, one person from design, one person from purchasing, one person from sales. Together they make a cross-functional team. This team is used when you're working on an improvement project which spans over a number of functions.
Virtual Team is a team that is not sitting together, which does not have a face-to-face interaction. Here we have people who were sitting in different time zones. These are people from different cultures, different languages, and they are working towards a common goal using the help of technology.
The next type of team is the Self-directed team. The self-directed team comes together on their own. These are not formally assigned to a particular project. The members of the self-directed team come together on their own with the minimum input from management. For example, they see a problem; they come together to form an informal team and work together towards that goal.
In addition to these four team types, there could be many other types of teams; for example:
- Quality Circles (a kind of team where 5-6 people work towards a common goal of improvement)
- Process Improvement Teams (Where the focus of team members is to improve a process)
- Problem Solving Teams (Just like the Process Improvement Teams, here the focus of team members is to solve a specific problem)
- Project Teams (Team members perform a specific project)
- Self Managed Teams (This is similar to Self-directed Team)