The ADDIE model is a systematic approach to instructional design that helps you plan your lessons effectively. It provides a framework for designing effective courses by breaking down the process into manageable steps.
The ADDIE model consists of five phases: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. The first four phases are used to develop an effective course, while the final phase is used to evaluate the effectiveness of the course.
In this first stage, you gather data from your learners and the learning environment. You also analyze the current situation and identify any gaps or problems with the current approach. For the design process to work effectively, you must know exactly where your students stand before you begin designing the lessons. In this phase, you ask questions such as:
- Who is the audience?
- What do they already know?
- What are the learning constraints?
- What will be their level of achievement?
This second step involves creating the learning objectives, developing the content, selecting the media, and determining how it will be delivered. This is when you start thinking about what you want to teach and how you intend to deliver it.
Once you have identified the learning goals for each lesson, you begin developing the actual content for the lesson. In this phase, you can use various tools, including word processing software, graphics programs, video editing software, etc.
In this fourth step, you put everything together and ensure all the pieces fit. You might have to add some more details or change things around if necessary.
The evaluation phase includes two components: Ongoing evaluation at each of the previous phases and the final evaluation of the finished instructional product.
The following is a brief overview of each step in the ADDIE process:
Analyze: Learning environment, learner’s existing knowledge, need analysis
Design: learning objectives, exercises, content, lesson planning, and media selection
Development: create and assemble content
Implementation: Cover the course curriculum, learning outcomes, method of delivery, and testing procedures.